The site of Gath has not been identified, it seems to have been in the Shephelah and to have oscillated between Judean and Philistine control, which may be why apart from being the home of Goliath it is mentioned often in the Bible. Gath was captured by the Assyrians under Sargon in the late 8th century.
This page is part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,
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