Canaan describes either the strip of relatively fertile land situated between modern Egypt and Turkey, or more narrowly the land of (ancient) Israel. The name was in widespread use in the Ancient Near East, (though the Greeks used the name Phoenicia for the same area).
Canaan was the setting of almost all the action of the Bible till after the resurrection of Jesus. Canaanite culture forms the background to Hebrew culture and therefore of the OT. The city-states of Canaan were largely taken over by either the Amorites in Syria, by Israel, or by the Philistines on the coast. Their culture survived in Tyre, Sidon and Gebal (in Greek, Byblos) and through their sea traders and colonists in Carthage for example.
This page is part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,
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