Solomon (reigned c.975-925BCE)

David's son and successor, and the only other ruler of the united kingdoms, nevertheless Solomon's parentage is surprisingly unclear. He was either second son of Bathsheba, tenth of David’s seventeen sons (2 Sam 3:2ff.; 5:14ff.; 12:18ff.) or fourth son (born in Jerusalem) to Bathshua daughter of Ammiel and tenth of nineteen (1 Chr 3:1ff.; cf. 14:4ff.).

Solomon constructed the temple of Adonai in Jerusalem. It is interesting to compare the list of his high officials with those of David. Solomon's list had only one priest (indicating the establishment of a "chief priest"?) who occupied first place; while David's lists are headed by “one who is over the army.” A second secretary and three other officials are added, while the head of "Cherethites and Pelethites” (royal troops) disappears, this suggests the shift of power from army to temple/court complex.

This page is part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,

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