verb forms in Hebrew
As well as the binyanim
(different stems with altered meaning) Hebrew both finite
"tenses" (that is forms where the subject is defined in terms of gender
and number - I, you, she, he, we, you, they) and indefinite forms: participles
and infinitives (where the subject is not expressed).
- There are two finite "tenses":
- completed ("perfect")
which describes an action (past, present or future) that is viewed
as complete and closed: "Teaching began
yesterday." "Class will start
in ten minutes."
- incomplete ("imperfect")
verb forms describe actions which are incomplete or continue:
"Classes will start on
time." "I used to go
to school" "He carries
- Infinitives and participles are used
more widely (and differently) than in English.
- infinitives also often
function like nouns but describe the action, they are often (paradoxically)
translated by "-ing" words in English.
- participles are used
sometimes to express a "present tense": "He is
going." They also act often as nouns for the "person
who" does what the verb describes ro'eh
and hozeh are both
participles from verbs meaning "to see" and both are
used as nouns meaning "a seer" or a "prophet".
This page is part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,
© Tim Bulkeley, 1996-2005, Tim
Bulkeley. All rights reserved.