(an oath)". Three times in Amos Adonai swears, declaring the solemnity
of what follows:
- at 4:2 his oath affirms
the certainty of the destruction to follow, and since he swears by "his
holiness" also draws attention to the nation's failing
- at 6:8 Adonai swears by
"himself" declaring that he hates "the pride of Jacob"
- but in 8:7 he swears by
"the pride of Jacob" (presumably himself, since God cannot swear
by anything or anyone less).
By contrast in 8:14 the people
swear by their gods who will "fall".