מִדְבָּר midbar "desert, wilderness". In both Amos 2:10 and 5:25 it refers to the Exodus experience. Because of this reference, in Israel's ideology (cf. Hos 2:16 (2:14 Eng); 9:10; 13:5) as in Amos' experience from Tekoa the "wilderness" is not only a fearsome place, but also the place of exodus and for some where flocks were pastured annually.