A text that criticizes or makes fun of something or someone while seeming to speak positively (Am 4:4-5) is called ironic. Biblical narrative also contains "dramatic irony" which arises from a gap between what the reader knows and what the character knows (2 Sam 12:5-6).
See also a fuller description - here.
This page is part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,
© Tim Bulkeley, 1996-2005, Tim Bulkeley. All rights reserved.