The term "exodus" has two related referents. It is the common name of the second book of the Torah or Pentateuch, in which case it should be written with a capital "Exodus" (in Hebrew this book is called we'elleh shemot "these are the names" - in the Ancient Near East documents were named by their first words). With a small "e" exodus refers to the events described in that book; in particular liberation from slavery in Egypt and rescue from Pharaoh's army and chariots.

In Hebrew tradition these events together with the consequent covenant at Sinai are the foundation of national life and identity. Amos makes special and unusual use of these ideas.


The photo of nomads in the Sinai desert illustrates the dryness of the region (McMath).

This page is part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,

© Tim Bulkeley, 1996-2005, Tim Bulkeley. All rights reserved.